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Malka Cohen at J M Publishers We have now reached the conclusion of this series and before we wrap up it is fitting for us to put into perspective the ground that we have covered.
This species was named in July 2002 from fossils discovered in Chad in Central Africa (Brunet et al. It is the oldest known hominid or near-hominid species, dated at between 6 and 7 million years old.
This species is known from a nearly complete cranium nicknamed Toumai, and a number of fragmentary lower jaws and teeth. tchadensis has many primitive apelike features, such as the small brainsize, along with others, such as the brow ridges and small canine teeth, which are characteristic of later hominids.
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Sahelanthropus tchadensis Orrorin tugenensis Ardipithecus ramidus Australopithecus anamensis Australopithecus afarensis Kenyanthropus platyops Australopithecus africanus Australopithecus garhi Australopithecus sediba Australopithecus aethiopicus Australopithecus robustus Australopithecus boisei Homo habilis Homo georgicus Homo erectus Homo ergaster Homo antecessor Homo heidelbergensis Homo neanderthalensis Homo floresiensis Homo sapiens sapiens Some scientists use a broader definition of Hominidae which includes the great apes, and instead call the group I am discussing "hominins".
The teeth and jaws are very similar to those of older fossil apes.
A partial tibia (the larger of the two lower leg bones) is strong evidence of bipedality, and a lower humerus (the upper arm bone) is extremely humanlike.
Some apes occurring within that time period, such as Ramapithecus, used to be considered as hominids, and possible ancestors of humans.
Hominids are included in the superfamily of all apes, the Hominoidea, the members of which are called hominoids.
Although the hominid fossil record is far from complete, and the evidence is often fragmentary, there is enough to give a good outline of the evolutionary history of humans.
He lives near Jerusalem with his wife and five children, where he works as a senior lecturer for Aish Jerusalem.
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The skull has a very small brain size of approximately 350 cc. This mixture, along with the fact that it comes from around the time when the hominids are thought to have diverged from chimpanzees, suggests it is close to the common ancestor of humans and chimpanzees.