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In 1917 during the Great Socialist Revolution the building with cadets holed up inside was besieged by revolutionary insurgents.
Five days into the siege, none of the cadets remained, while out of 60,000 lines only around 10,000 were operating.
These days this word is remaining in the Russian language to denote a direct government phone in a kingpins office, although modern whizzers have either a push-button dial or none at all.
The last thing for the USSR government to get worried about in the 1920s was creating a system of mnemonic rules to make the memorizing of telephone numbers easier.
In the Moscow Telephone Network Subscribers Directory published in 1916 the first article of the rules of use reads as follows: The central station is called by taking the microtelephone off the hook.
The operator at the station should answer by telling her number.
This sort of a telephone set was called vertushka (whizzer).
In 1910 the USA, then a country with the highest telephone penetration rate, numbered over 7 million subscribers, which compared to Russias 155,000.
In the days of old an ordinary telephone number had four digits, while large cities used five-digit numbers.
After becoming aware that it was running out of words beginning with the needed three letters, New York introduced the LLN-NNNN format in 1930 with all the other cities following suit in 194748.
How we did it Everything associated with a telephone (from telephone sets to stations) came to Russia from the West. opened its first Russian telephone station in 1893 in Kiev.
Afterwards the subscriber shall clearly pronounce the number to which he wishes to be connected.